Sports injuries

Injuries can be a major issue for people participating in sports and exercise, contact sports such as football, rugby basketball and netball can result in injury to the knee, shoulder, ankle or other body parts though tackles and direct blows and twisting injury. The most common contact sports injuries are ankle ligament injuries, knee injuries including anterior cruciate and meniscal injuries. Other common injuries are hamstrings tears and shoulder dislocation. 

Non contact sports can also lead to injuries. Sports that involve a lot of twisting and turning such as tennis, badminton, gymnastics and volley ball can also result in ankle ligament injuries and significant knee injuries. 

Running injuries and pain from running is common and can be severe enough to stop people from running. Pain is often caused from a change in footwear, intensity (pace or distance) or frequency of running. Maintaining a balance between endurance exercise and strength training helps to prevent overuse injuries. Often an period of targeted strengthening with a specialist physiotherapist is necessary to overcome these conditions. The common conditions seen in runners are heel pain from Achilles tendinopathy, pain at the front of the knee from patella tendinopathy or anterior knee pain and pain in the lower leg. More information on running problems can be found here.

Tendinopathy can usually be treated with strengthening and targeted physiotherapy over the course of around 6 to 12 weeks but occasionally advanced treatments such as shock wave treatment are needed. Rarely surgery is required to cure the problem but this is usually reserved for cases that have failed to respond to any other treatments.

Anterior knee pain is common in runners and people who participate in jumping sports. Normally strengthening exercise to the thigh muscles and or hip muscles with targeted physiotherapy will improve anterior knee pain but occasionally this may be due to a small area of wear in the knee cap bearing surface or a irritating fold of tissue such as a plica which require key hole surgery to correct. 

Medial plica

Stress fracture of tibia